Rabat – Human Rights Watch (HRW) released a report on July 12, indicating that at least eight countries around the world, including Cameroon, Egypt, Kenya, Lebanon, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, and Zambia, debase the human dignity of homosexuals and transgender women by forcing anal examinations as part of prosecutions for homosexuality, a practice the report describes as “humiliating.’’
HRW called upon all involved countries to ban this practice, pointing out that some countries use anal examination tests in mutual consent homosexuality prosecutions. HRW urged international and domestic human rights and health institutions vigorously and vociferously to oppose their use.
HRW said that the practice is “cruel, degrading, and inhuman treatment that can rise to the level of torture.” The report added that the tests, which are supposed to find “evidence” of homosexual conduct,” are often done by doctors who forcibly introduce fingers or other objects into the anus of the accused.
According to the same source, the practice “violates the Convention against Torture, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the African Convention on Human and Peoples’ Rights.’’ The UN Committee against torture has emphasized that the practice “has no medical justification and cannot be consented to fully.”
The report does not list Morocco where a number of associations have opposed discrimination based on gender and have defended homosexuals, calling for the abolition of Article 489 of the Moroccan Penal Code which criminalizes sexual abnormalities. They also call for equality and non-discrimination based on sexual orientation, gender, and the right to personal safety, privacy and protection from attacks and taunting public trials.