Gaza, March 12, 2012 (Reuters)
Gaza, March 12, 2012 (Reuters)
Israeli war planes struck at the Gaza Strip and Palestinians fired more rockets against southern Israel on Monday in a fourth day of hostilities in which 23 Palestinians have been killed.
Egyptian efforts to broker a ceasefire appeared to be stuck over a demand by the Islamic Jihad militant group that Israel first promise not to target militant leaders for future attack.
The violence also drew condemnation from U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and United Nations Secretary-General Ban ki-Moon, who called for restraint. The Arab League also urged the United Nations to intervene and stop the conflict.
Eighteen of the Palestinians killed since fighting flared in the Hamas-controlled enclave last Friday were militants and five civilians, according to medical officials.
At least 74 Palestinians, mostly civilians, and eight people in Israel have been wounded.
The Israeli air strikes on Monday killed two Palestinian militants and an elderly man and his daughter, the officials said.
A 15-year-old Palestinian youth died in an explosion that Palestinians blamed on an Israeli missile. The Israeli military denied it had carried out a strike.
Thirty-five rockets, at least 20 of them intercepted by Israel’s Iron Dome anti-missile system, were fired at Israel, wounding three people, Israeli police said.
Gaza’s Hamas leadership, whose own cadres have kept out of the fighting, said on Sunday neighboring Egypt was working to stop the violence and consulting with other militants.
A Palestinian official close to the mediation told Reuters Israel had agreed to a midnight ceasefire.
But Islamic Jihad, an Iranian-backed faction behind most of the rocket fire, said any truce should include an undertaking by Israel “to end assassinations”.
The exchanges began after two chiefs of the Popular Resistance Committees (PRC) faction, accused by Israel of planning to attack it through Egypt’s Sinai desert, were killed in an Israeli strike on Friday.
Israel signaled that it would not halt what it calls “preventive targeting” operations aimed at stopping rocket fire and cross-border attacks.
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu told members of his Likud party in Parliament: “The Israeli army will continue to attack the terrorists in Gaza with strength and determination.”
He also said the Israeli military was prepared to widen its operations and continue them for as long as necessary.
That prospect would revive memories of the 2008-2009 Gaza war in which some 1,400 Palestinians and 13 Israelis were killed.
But Israeli Interior Minister Eli Yishai told Army Radio: “Israel is not keen to see an escalation, Israel is not keen to hurt innocents, Israel is absolutely opposed to this.
“For now, it is on this kind of scale. But if it will prove protracted, then without a doubt there will be a powerful, painful blow so that this will not continue.”
The Palestinian attacks against Israel disrupted normal life in the south and forced many schools to close on Sunday and Monday. Alerts to residents of southern towns to take shelter from incoming rockets punctuated radio programs.
Islamic Jihad and the PRC, armed groups largely independent of Islamist Hamas, have said they fired most of the scores of rockets launched at Israel since Friday.
Some experts in Gaza believe Hamas had provided some smaller groups with ammunition but avoided direct participation out of concern Israel would step up its attacks in the enclave.
Hamas is also eager to avoid any long-term military campaign as it struggles to adapt to political upheaval in Arab countries such as Egypt, which shares a border with Gaza, and in Syria, where the group has abandoned its traditional headquarters.
Washington – Israel’s principle ally – and the United Nations expressed concern at the violence.
“Once again civilians are paying a terrible price,” Ban told the U.N. Security Council.
He denounced rocket attacks on Israel as “unacceptable” and urged Israel to “exercise maximum restraint.”
In her remarks to the council, Clinton condemned the rocket fire at Israel and urged both sides to restore calm. But she did not specifically mention the Israeli air strikes nor the dozens of Palestinian casualties.
France and Russia also both appealed for an end to the fighting and stressed the need to avoid civilian suffering.
Arab League Secretary-General Nabil al-Araby issued a statement in Cairo condemning the Israeli raids and urged the Security Council to step in and “stop the aggression.”
Gaza, home to 1.7 million people, was under Israeli occupation from 1967 until 2005 and remains under blockade.
Hamas has controlled Gaza since 2007 and is fighting for an independent Palestinian state but has shunned the stalled peace process supervised by international powers and refuses to recognize the Jewish state.
Islamic Jihad is less influential than Hamas but shares the same ideology, which advocates Israel’s ultimate destruction.