By Loubna Flah
By Loubna Flah
Morocco World News
Casablanca, June 20, 2012
The Foreign Policy (FP) magazine published its eighth annual report about failed states, the result of its cooperation with Fund for Peace. The ranking of many states has dramatically changed especially those who witnessed the Arab spring. The foreign policy study of failed states aims at ringing the bell within the international community. It sets a benchmark of states’ stability susceptible to remind decision makers about the positioning of their respective countries at the global level. The FP report defines five levels in the scale of stability.
The levels established by FP magazine report vary from most stable, stable, borderline, in danger and critical with is the lowest level in the failed stated scale. For instance, Australia is considered as one of the most stable states in the world, whereas Afghanistan is labeled as a country in a” critical” situation.
A failed state is a state perceived as having failed at some of the basic conditions and responsibilities of a sovereign government. There are a number of attributes used to characterize a failed state, namely the loss of control of its territory, the erosion of legitimate authority to make collective decisions, the inability to provide public services and the failure to interact with other state as a member of the international community.
As regards Arab countries, the delineation between the countries that witnessed a stormy Arab spring and those whose democratic transition was rather smooth is clear. Though it was the first Arab country to experience the revolution, Tunisia is ranked 94 in the scale of failed states, while Morocco which has demonstrated that there is a third path for democratic change in the Arab world, is ranked 87 in the FP report. According to the FP study, Tunisia is more stable than Morocco. Yet both are described as countries “in danger” in the map attached to the FP report.
Though its transition is marked by uncertainty, Libya is ranked 50th while Egypt is ranked 30th. Yet both countries are described as countries in “critical” situation. Syria appears in the 23 rd rank, while Yemen is ranked in the 8th position. Both are described as countries in a “critical “situation. Mauritania is ranked 38 and described as a country in a critical situation as well.
Regarding the Gulf countries, despite its economic prosperity, Saudi Arabia is described as a country “in danger “, Oman in the “Borderline” category, whereas the United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Kuwait are considered as “stable” countries. The worst ranking for Arab countries is Sudan, which ranked third in the scale of failed states. Somalia ranked at the pinnacle of failed state in the first position.
According to the report, there are six failed States in Africa (Somalia, Sudan, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Zimbabwe and Central African Republic), three countries from the Middles East (Yemen, Iraq and Afghanistan) and one country form the Caribbean, namely Haiti.
Foreign Policy pinpoints that despite the stagnation; the average score on stability index published annually by the Magazine has remained rather steady from a year to year. It is noteworthy that Libya, Egypt and Syria have jumped markedly high in the FP list of failed states as a result of the instability contingent to revolutions in general. Thus, progress may not ensue immediately after revolutions, yet these historical landmarks are a reminder that some political contexts can be highly unpredictable.
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