Fez - Three distinct centers until the early sixties were enjoying the power of the religious field in Morocco: the Monarch, the Oulama (Scholars) and the Zawaya (the Sufi sanctuaries)[1].

The Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca. Photo by Kimberly Avalos/Morocco World News
The Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca. Photo by Kimberly Avalos/Morocco World News
Mustafa Ettoualy is a PHD candidate at the University of Sidi Mohamed Ben abdellah and an administrative staff at Al Akhawayn University in Ifrane, Morocco