By Nassim Chaoui Ghali
By Nassim Chaoui Ghali
Rabat – Nowadays, we hear of Sufism often. While many claim that the word “Sufism” is invented, others claim that the origin of the word traces back to Roman and Greek culture.
Nevertheless, the concept of Sufism, at times translated as mysticism, refers to everyone following the path of the prophet’s companions who used to meet at the prophet’s mosque. These followers read the Holy Qur’an, discussed law and remembered God. According to Ab¬ Hurayra, the Messenger of God (may God give him blessings and peace), said: God, ever mighty and majestic is He, says: “I am with my servant when he remembers me and when his lips move in mention of Me.”
Sufism is an honorable science or the so-called science of truth. It is love for others; Sufism purifies our souls from soils, polishes our hearts from rust, and connects servants with their creator. Its essence is to follow the religious law (Sharia) and resort to God in every situation, without neglect of obligation or approach toward a wrong deed. Sufism is the status (Maqam) of perfection (Ihsan) in Islam. It displays the third floor of the Islamic building which consists of three floors, namely: Islam, faith and perfection (Ihsan). The proof of this is explicitly stated in the famous Hadith of Gabriel. A narration attributed to Abu Hurairah reports:
“One day while the Prophet was sitting in the company of some people, (The angel) Gabriel came and asked, “What is faith?” Allah’s Apostle replied, ‘Faith is to believe in Allah, His angels, (the) meeting with Him, His Apostles, and to believe in Resurrection.” Then he further asked, “What is Islam?” Allah’s Apostle replied, “To worship Allah Alone and none else, to offer prayers perfectly to pay the compulsory charity (Zakat) and to observe fasts during the month of Ramadan.” Then he further asked, “What is Ihsan (perfection)?” Allah’s Apostle replied, “To worship Allah as if you see Him, and if you cannot achieve this state of devotion then you must consider that He is looking at you.” Then he further asked, “When will the Hour be established?” Allah’s Apostle replied, “The answerer has no better knowledge than the questioner. But I will inform you about its portents.
1. When a slave (lady) gives birth to her master.
2. When the shepherds of black camels start boasting and competing with
others in the construction of tall buildings. And the Hour is one of five things which nobody knows except Allah.
The Prophet then recited: “Verily, with Allah (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour–.” (31. 34) Then that angel (Gabriel) left and the Prophet asked his companions to call him back, but they could not see him. Then the Prophet said, “That was Gabriel who came to teach the people their religion.” Abu ‘Abdullah said: He (the Prophet) considered all that as a part of faith.” Sahih al-Bukhari, 1:2:48
Sufism (TASAWWUF) indicates the spirituality of Islam or in other words the interior truth (HAQIQAH). This is why the interior reality of Sufism characterizes the practices of the ascetics of the first generations even though the term ‘Sufism’ was not then in use. It is consequently easy to understand the remarks of Hujwiri; ‘Today Tasawwuf is a name without a reality whereas it was a reality without a name.’ Hujwiri adds: ‘at the time of the Companions [Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) Companions] and their successors this name did not exist, but the reality which it indicates was known by each one of them.’ (Abu Hassan Al-Fushunji (Died 318)
Sufism is based on the religious law (Sharia) and Sunna as Imam Al Junaid Al Baghdadi once said: “Our path to Allah is regulated by Sharia and Sunna, whilst the way to Allah is closed before his servants, except for those who follow the traces of the prophet Muhammad peace be upon him”. Besides, Sid Hamza, the master of the Tariqa Qadiriya Boutchichiya, defines Sufism using the following verse: Sufism is enjoying what the prophet orders to do, and avoiding what he forbade.
Last but not least,, people who are responsible for Sufism, have set pillars which allow people to recognize, and there are three: companionship, love and remembrance. God, ever exalted is He, says: “He who pretends to love me and neglects me is a liar. Does not every lover seek to be secluded with his beloved? “I am He who is completely aware of my lovers when they picture me before them, address me in contemplation and speak to Me in My Presence. “Tomorrow I shall make their eyes delight in My Gardens.”
Ultimately, the Tariqa Qadiriyya Boutchichiyya is a continuation and a renewal of living Sufism today, which:
1- Guides people to know their Creator.
2- Urges people to be more merciful and tolerant.
3- Spreads love and respect amongst people.
4- Strengthens the links of Brotherhood and Peace amongst people.
5- Instils higher moral values, thereby improving people’s behaviour.
Edited by Sahar Kian. Photos by Moroccan Photographer Omar Chennafi
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