Sale - Benedict Anderson assumes that “nations are narrations,” and that communities are “imagined” entities. ‘Latent’ and ‘manifest’ discourses rally and compete to uphold nationalist ideas, beliefs, and worldviews. In his book Modernity at Large, Arjun Appadurai posits that postmodern global cultural flows are foregrounded in his five “scapes” or “landscapes”[1]. Music and football, to my understanding, outstandingly typify his concepts of “mediascapes” and “ideoscapes”. Both football and music should not be seen as mere entertainment, but as active agents involved in the fabrication, narration, and definition of worldviews and “ways of seeing,” to use John Berger’s phrase. Indeed, football, or ‘musicalized’ football, is not only the world’s most popular sport. It has entrenched itself and rallied emotions of communal, national, and transnational belonging.

Azize Kour is Assistant Professor at École Nationale Supérieure d'Informatique et d'Analyse des Systèmes (ENSIAS) in Rabat.