Rabat - Back in the pre-Islamic times, known as Jahiliya, the Arabian tribes in Arabia Desert were often in fierce open competition for political leadership and/or economic supremacy. At times, this competition manifested itself through warring and raids, whereby the strongest killed the men of the other party and took their womenfolk to humiliate them further, in the eyes of the other tribes and confederation of tribes, bearing in mind that the code of honor was the most important cultural attribute of the time.

Dr Mohamed Chtatou is a professor at the University of Mohammed V in Rabat.