By Asmaa Bahadi
By Asmaa Bahadi
Rabat – According to the World Health Organization (WHO), oral and dental diseases are among the most prevalent diseases in the world. 90 percent of the world’s population is at risk of some type of oral and dental infection.
On the occasion of the World Oral Health Day, celebrated by the international medical community on March 20 of every year, the Moroccan National Commission of Dentists launched an awareness campaign called “Healthy Teeth in Order to Enjoy Healthy Lives” to raise awareness among professionals, public health officials, and civil society, in order to adopt a preventive approach to oral health within the framework of the national strategy for the development of dental sector.
Concerning Morocco, oral and dental diseases are a problem in public health care. Therapeutic methods that do not conform to the rules of sterilization and safety, used by people who practice dentistry illegally, increase the severity of the situation and may cause a worrisome amount of deaths, noting that dental diseases can be linked to diseases such as diabetes.
Furthermore, many Moroccans neglect visiting the dentist on a regular basis to monitor and examine their teeth, knowing that the implementation of appropriate protection significantly contributes to the improvement of oral health.
Many factors can be associated with oral disease, such as unhealthy diets, smoking, alcohol, as well as poor oral hygiene.
According to the National Commission of Dentists, the current national average of dentists is one dentist for every 7,000 citizens, with a geographic concentration in large urban centers. Morocco’s target for 2025 is to reach one dentist for every 5,000 people.
The national epidemiological research done by the Ministry of Health in 2012 in partnership with the Public Health Organization shows that 60 percent to 90 percent of children suffer from oral diseases. The risk of tooth decay is 81.8 percent by age 12, 86.7 percent by age 15, and 91.8 percent for those between 35 and 44 years old.
The same study noted that gum disease and can affect 42.2 percent at age 12, and 59.8 percent at age 15, and 79.2 percent between 35 and 44. About 30 percent of people aged between 65 and 74 no longer have natural teeth.