Rabat - With a number of different educational offerings available for students in Morocco, including three different baccalaureate-style systems, families and students could be forgiven for getting confused when deciding which one will suit them best.
Rabat – With a number of different educational offerings available for students in Morocco, including three different baccalaureate-style systems, families and students could be forgiven for getting confused when deciding which one will suit them best.
Jon Halligan, Head of Development and Recognition in Africa, Europe and Middle East at International Baccalaureate (IB) explains exactly what the IB is, and what makes its programs so unique.
1. What are the different baccalaureates available in Morocco?
In addition to the IB, schools in Morocco offer two other baccalaureates:
The French Baccalaureate takes three forms, Baccalaureate L which focuses primarily on literature, Baccalaureate ES which focuses on economic and social sciences, or Baccalaureate S which is science focused. Students studying the French Baccalaureate must also study French, history, geography, philosophy, mathematics, science and a foreign language.
The Moroccan Baccalaureate requires students to select a core curriculum in arts and science, mathematics, or original education (the pre-French Koranic system) during their first year. In the following two years, students then select agricultural science, earth and life sciences, mathematics, physics or technical studies.
2. What is the aim of the IB?
It offers four high quality and challenging educational programs to a worldwide community of schools, catering for the academic and career-related interests of students from ages three to 19. For close to 50 years, IB programs have gained a reputation for their rigor and high academic standards and for preparing students for life in a globalized 21st century. Unlike the other baccalaureates available in Morocco, the IB continuum aims to provide a holistic education which encourages students to excel not only in their studies but also in their personal growth.
3. What is unique about the IB?
The IB is not just about teaching and learning to gain top grades in exams; its programs are curricula with added value. The international-mindedness element which permeates all IB programs ensures that innovative and creative educators from across a multitude of different cultures contribute to its ongoing development, with each program being regularly reviewed against the findings of new research. An IB education works within a global context, which means that the programs increase students’ understanding of languages and cultures, teaching them how to explore ideas and issues of global significance.
4. How well recognized is the IB?
The IB is offered by schools in 152 countries around the world, and nine of these schools are located in Morocco. In addition, the IB is widely recognized by universities globally, and employers alike, for the depth and breadth of its programs.
IB programs at a glance
Each of the four IB programs provides a detailed and developmentally appropriate curriculum or curriculum framework that is broad, balanced, conceptual and connected.
The Primary Years Program (PYP) is for students aged three to 12.
The PYP prepares students to become active, caring, lifelong learners who demonstrate respect for themselves and others and have the capacity to participate in the world around them. Students explore six transdisciplinary themes of global significance: who we are, where we are in place and time, how we express ourselves, how the world works, how we organise ourselves, and sharing the planet.
The Middle Years Program (MYP)
MYP is for students aged 11 to 16, provides a framework of learning that encourages students to become creative, critical and reflective thinkers. The MYP emphasizes intellectual challenge, encouraging students to make practical connections between their studies and the real world.
There are eight subjects, with an overarching curriculum framework of three different elements – approaches to learning; key and related concepts; and independent learning projects in which students are required to complete a significant piece of work over a period of time.
The Diploma Program (DP)
DP is for students aged 16 to 19, aims to develop students who have excellent breadth and depth of knowledge – students who progress physically, intellectually, emotionally and ethically. It is divided into six subject groups which are studied over two years, these groups are language and literature, language acquisition, individuals and societies, sciences, mathematics, and the arts. These subjects are in addition to three further requirements of the DP core which are designed to prepare students for university and life beyond.
The Career-related Program (CP)
CP is for students aged 16 to 19, is a framework that incorporates the values of the IB into a unique program addressing the needs of students engaged in career-related education. The program blends academic subjects and practical learning and leads to further/higher education, apprenticeships or employment.
Students combine the study of DP courses with career-related studies and the elements of the CP core. This program is therefore ideal for students who have already determined which career they want to pursue and wish to engage in career-related learning.
It is easy to feel overwhelmed by the monumental decision of choosing a school let alone an appropriate curriculum for young people today. The choice will shape their future, so it is important that parents and students are armed with all of the information they need to make the decision.
The discussion around what makes for an effective education and which curriculum is best has been debated for decades but few would dispute that, across the globe, we need to raise young people who are well prepared for life in an inter-connected 21st century, able to contribute to a better, more peaceful world.