Rabat – On January 27, just a day after Morocco’s election to the AU’s Peace and Security Council (PSC), the Polisario Front entered the demilitarized zone in Western Sahara, which constitutes a violation the 1991 ceasefire agreement.
According to Moroccan political analyst Reda El Fellah, Polisario’s maneuvers in the region “sustain” Morocco’s position in the conflict.
During the 32nd Ordinary Session of the Executive Council of the Pan-African organization, 30 AU member countries voted for Morocco’s membership on the PSC. Morocco’s election to PSC came just one year after the country’s AU return following nearly 33 years of absence. Several African countries lauded Morocco’s diplomacy and the country’s election to the AU’s PSC, considering it an asset that would contribute to Pan-African development.
Morocco World News contacted El Fellah, who explained his perspective on the importance of Morocco’s election to the AU PSC and its impact on Morocco’s position on Western Sahara.
An Analytical Breakdown of Morocco’s Election to PSC Council
According to analyst El Fellah, Morocco’s election “is very important for Morocco as well as for the African Union since it will support the decision-making process in the AU’s PSC and contribute to the achievement of its objectives, regarding peace and stability in the continent.”
El Fellah, who is a university professor in Agadir, explained to MWN that the Peace and Security Council has been “paralyzed by hegemonic pretentions” since its creation in 2004, which made the council unable to cope with “the high level of instability in the continent.”
The political analyst emphasized that the Moroccan seat on the council will “inject a sound balance inside the PSC, dominated up to now by unproductive and selfish hegemony.”
Polisario’s Illegal Strategy is a Losing Battle
Slamming Polisario’s maneuvers in the region, El Fellah said that the separatist ideologies are “increasingly losing ground and are predominantly regarded as a threat amplifier to stability in the context of terrorism and state failure.”
The analyst added that the PSC has to focus more on conflict prevention in Africa through identifying the factors of insecurity and instability throughout the continent.
“Today, Morocco’s election to the AU PSC would introduce a valuable commitment and contribute to overall efforts” that would help improve the security situation in the continent.
El Fellah added that the African unity can be achieved through “defeating and rejecting separatist entities like Polisario.”
The professor said that Polisario’s military illegal armed operations near the buffer zone of Guerguerat mirror “the state of despair” within both Polisario and its backer, Algeria.
El Fellah has also lauded the new Western Sahara vision implemented by the United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and his envoy Horst Kohler.
The analyst said that the UN is “undoubtedly” exerting a new vision towards the four-decade-long conflict. “There is a new vision towards this conflict based on a realistic approach and a more balanced perspective of what could be a win-win agreement between the parties.”
He added that Guterres and Kohler are “willing to implement this vision by pushing for a just and consensual solution taking in consideration the insecure context in the Sahel-Sahara region,” characterized “predominantly by illicit trafficking and organized crime.”
Subsequently, the Moroccan contribution to fight against the separatist-terrorist-smuggler nexus “is widely acknowledged by the European Union and the international community,” added El Fellah.
Eminent Role for Morocco’s Diplomacy
Through his MWN interview, El Fellah called on the Moroccan government to focus more on its diplomacy to reinforce its bilateral ties with all African countries.
“In the meantime, Morocco needs to continue to play the card of soft power founded on South-South cooperation alternative. This strategy enables Morocco to gain the hearts and minds of African people and leaders.”
The professor added that Morocco’s foreign policy after AU reintegration should be dedicated to consolidating the Pan-African vision, “which could enable the continental body to deal with Africa’s key priorities, notably political integration, peace and security, and human development.”