The study ranks countries by measuring order, fundamental rights and absence of corruption.
Rabat – The World Justice Project (WJP) Rule of Law Index ranked Morocco 74th globally, down from 67th place in the last report in 2018 report.
The report takes into account the rule of law based on several criteria, including constraints on government power, absence of corruption and criminal justice.
In the regional ranking, Morocco ranked fifth among countries in the Middle East and North Africa region (MENA).
The eight surveyed MENA countries include Jordan, UAE, Tunisia, Algeria, Iran, Egypt, and Lebanon as well as Morocco.
The UAE topped the MENA list, followed by Jordan, Tunisia, and Algeria, respectively.
In the global index, Morocco ranked 8th on the list of lower middle income countries.
When looking at constraints on government powers, Morocco ranked 68th.
According to the report, the constraints on government “measures the extent to which those who govern are bound by law.”
The country also ranked 70th in the absence of corruption, as opposed to 59th place last year.
The absence of corruption factor measures three forms of corruption: “bribery, improper influence by public or private interests, and misappropriation of public funds or other resources.”
The three measures are reviewed “with respect to government officers in the executive branch, the judiciary, the military, police, and the legislature,” according to the report.
Regarding security and order, Morocco ranked 74th globally and fifth regionally. This was again a negative change from 2018 when Morocco ranked 70th globally and 4th regionally.
This factor examined “how well a society ensures the security of persons and property.”
Regarding regulatory enforcement, Morocco ranked 51st globally and fourth regionally.
The factor reviews regulations and how they are “fairly and effectively” implemented.
On the scale of civil justice, Morocco ranked 63rd globally. This factor examines whether “ordinary people can resolve their grievances peacefully and effectively through the civil justice system.”
Morocco ranked 79th in criminal justice, which measures the country’s criminal justice system.
“An assessment of the delivery of criminal justice should take into consideration the entire system, including the police, lawyers, prosecutors, judges, and prison officers.”
Morocco scored the worst in the remaining categories: Open Government, Fundamental Rights, and Criminal Justice.
In the open government scale, Morocco ranked 89th as opposed to 84 in 2018. This category is defined by the “extent to which a government shares information, empowers people with tools to hold the government, and fosters citizens participation in public policy deliberation.”
The fundamental rights scale ranked Morocco at the bottom of the list: 100th, underscoring that Morocco must increase efforts to ensure more fundamental rights for citizens. In the 2018 report, Morocco ranked 93rd. Finland and Denmark topped the scale.
The report said that countries’ scores and rankings for the WJP Rule of Law Index 2019 are taken from more than 120,000 household surveys and 3,800 expert surveys in 126 countries and jurisdictions.
“The Index is the world’s most comprehensive dataset of its kind and the only to rely principally on primary data, measuring countries’ adherence to the rule of law from the perspective of ordinary people and their experiences,” according to WJP.