Criminalization of homosexuality is not effective in combating HIV. Gender segregation, difficulty in accessing female sex workers, and delayed marriage may increase homosexual activity in the MENA region.

People hold up rainbow flags as they demonstrate during the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) Rainbow Pride Parade in Bratislava, Slovakia on June 28, 2014. AFP PHOTO/SAMUEL KUBANI (Photo credit should read SAMUEL KUBANI/AFP/Getty Images)
Charifa Zemouri is a PhD-candidate at the faculty of Dentistry in Amsterdam.