Thirteen African universities made the list, including the University of Cairo which placed 395th.
By Abdessamad El Baz
Rabat – Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), an annual publication of university rankings, has published the 2020 edition of the 1000 top universities in the world.
Five American universities top the list of ten best universities, followed by four universities from the United Kingdom, and one Swiss university (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology).
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) leads the list, followed by the universities of Stanford and Harvard.
The University of Oxford ranks fourth, while Cambridge University, Imperial College London, and University College London (UCL) rank seventh, eight, and ninth respectively.
University rankings are based on several factors including academic reputation, research, and published work.
“Academic Reputation, H Index, An index that attempts to measure both the productivity and impact of the published work of a scientist or scholar. Citations per Faculty, Citations, … are the best understood and most widely accepted measure of research strength, and staff with PhDs”, stated QS.
“All our data is based on high-quality research and innovative analytic approaches. Our solid relationships with tens of thousands of higher education institutions and employers enable us to build our rankings using data from over 13 million academic papers, as well as 70,000 academics and 40,000 employers’ responses.”, added QS.
Thirteen universities from Africa (all from South Africa and Egypt) are listed in the ranking.
The University of Cape Town (South Africa) (198th) leads the list, followed by The American University of Cairo (Egypt) (395th).
Two of the top 200 universities are Middle Eastern. The University of King Abdul Aziz (Saudi Arabia, (186th), followed by King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals another Saudi Arabia university (200th place).
Universities from Bahrain, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman and Qatar also made the list.