Rabat – Ten Moroccan scientists have signed onto a declaration titled “World Scientists’ Warning of a Climate Emergency” highlighting the urgent need to address climate change. BioScience, a monthly scientific journal, published the declaration with signatures from over 11,000 scientists of 153 nationalities on Tuesday, November 5.
The 10 Moroccan scientists represent various universities and research institutes both in Morocco and abroad. The signatories include scientists from multiple fields, including ecology, geology, biology, zoology, genetics, astronomy, and neurology.
The signatories presented graphical indicators to prove the “climate emergency” that the Earth is facing.
“Scientists have a moral obligation to clearly warn humanity of any catastrophic threat and to tell it like it is,” reads the article’s introduction.
Since the First World Climate Conference in Geneva in 1979, scientists have warned of the need to act urgently to reduce climate change. The 1992 Rio Summit, the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, the 2015 Paris Agreement, and other assemblies have all tried to put in place protocols to fight climate change.
However, according to the scientists, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are still on the rise and dangerously affecting the world’s climate.
“Most public discussions on climate change are based on global surface temperature only, an inadequate measure to capture the breadth of human activities and the real dangers stemming from a warming planet,” explains the article.
The publication presents “signs of climate change over the last 40 years for human activities that can affect GHG emissions and change the climate, as well as actual climatic impacts.”
The signatories suggested six steps to lessen the effects of climate change: Substitute fossil fuel with renewable energy sources, reduce pollutant emissions, protect the Earth’s ecosystem, consume mainly plant-based foods, develop a decarbonized economy, and stabilize the human population.
The scientists conclude that they are optimistic about the current global movement for climate.
“We are encouraged by a recent surge of concern. Governmental bodies are making climate emergency declarations. Schoolchildren are striking. Ecocide lawsuits are proceeding in the courts. Grassroots citizen movements are demanding change, and many countries, states and provinces, cities, and businesses are responding.”