Western Sahara

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Morocco’s Autonomy Plan is the most recent initiative, suggested by Morocco in April 2006. In a letter to Kofi Annan, the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations, King Mohammed VI confirmed Morocco’s commitment to a consensual solution to terminate the dispute over the Sahara. In the same letter, the King informed the UN Secretary General that Morocco was preparing to submit an autonomy project within the framework of the territorial integrity and the national unity of the country.The plan was suggested in 2006, after James Baker, the UN Personal Envoy to Western Sahara from 1997 to 2004, had failed to reach consensual means to reconcile the positions of Morocco and the Polisario Front separatist group.

Baker’s first and second plans escalated the dispute between Morocco and Polisario. Baker’s first plan, proposed in 2001, supported the territory’s autonomy under Moroccan sovereignty. Called Baker I, it was strongly endorsed by Morocco, while the Polisario and its supporters, mainly Algeria, rejected the plan.