Fez - Historically speaking, Moroccan universities have a long tradition with the Qarawiyyin University, founded in the 9th century. After the colonial era, a pattern of growth in Moroccan universities began with the duplication of the colonial model (same curricula, same system of evaluation, same language of instruction). This pattern did not last longer after the colonial era as the state introduced Arabization and Moroccanization policies. These policies aimed to restructure the system of higher education by training Moroccan administrative staff who were supposed to replace their French expatriates. At that time, this was the main mission of higher education in Morocco. However, with the new open access policies, which guarantee free access to all baccalaureate holders (and even to those without a baccalaureate degree), higher education in Morocco acquired a new mission of absorbing the growing numbers of secondary school graduates and “preparing them for second rate employment at best and unemployment at worst” Ouakrime (2003).

Moroccan education, Students in calssroom
Abdessamad Saidi is a student at the faculty of Letters & Humanities.