By Abdellah Jaafari
Rabat – Finland is ranked number one world wide forits educational system. Its system is the best in almost every educational standard, like the number of students per teacher; students’ grades; learning outcomes, attainment, and educational skills (cognitive, psychomotor, communicative, interpersonal…), to name just a few.
The secret of this result comes from multiple procedural standards and policies. Finland offers the same quality education to all students regardless of their region or social background.
The educational system is public to the extent that no private schools can be found in Finland. Homework is very rarely assigned to students; this action is justified as students should focus on other daily activities and hobbies outside the classroom. Students also are rarely tested, and this gives them sufficient time to concentrate on subjects more than exams and develop their learning styles.
Moreover, teachers in Finland are highly professional, knowledgeable, and respectful. Teachers should have at least a master’s degree to be able to workin the educational system . They have to take an entrance exam before enrolling in the teacher training school. Only 1 out of 10 applicants are selectedafter the exam. There is a rumor in Finland that being a teacher is one of the most difficult challenges. There is nothing called a teacher inspection in Finland, because there is a high level of trust among people working in education.
Because there is a high level of belief in the system, there is a high level of belief in its “products”: teachers. There is a kind of trust among students, between students and teachers, and between teachers and parents. Local and national boards of education think that if education is built on trust, both students and teachers will be trustworthy, Teachers also have total freedom to choose the curriculum that they think is appropriate for their students.
Classrooms in Finnish schools are small. People who are responsible for education think that smaller classrooms will result in students becoming close to each otherand building intimate relationships that will encourage them to learn more easily and smoothly. Classrooms are also equipped with all necessary facilities and services. Bookshelves, musical instruments, computers, andInternet access are some significant features that can be found in Finnish classrooms.
The Finnish government believes that the only resource that should have been taken care of is the human brain . That’s why investment in educationis a high priorityfor Finnish parents, teachers, and decision makers. The Finnish educational system focuses on worldwide educational standards so that students canbe competitiveon the global market.
Nowadays electronics is the single largest manufacturing industry in Finland, Nokia is a good example. In addition to that, 3.5% of national GDP is spent on research and development, and Finland has more researchers per capita than any other country.